Table 5.2

State Intermediate Appellate Courts and General Trial Courts: Numbers of Judges and Terms


  Intermediate appellate court General trial court
FIPS State or other
jurisdiction
Name of court 2022 No. of
judges
Term (years) Name of court 2022 No. of
judges
Term (years)
01AlabamaCourt of Criminal Appeals56Circuit Court

144

6
01AlabamaCourt of Civil Appeals56
02AlaskaCourt of Appeals38Superior Court

42

6
04ArizonaCourt of Appeals226Superior Court

180

4
04ArizonaTax Court

1

4 (a)
05ArkansasCourt of Appeals128Circuit Court

121

6
06CaliforniaCourts of Appeal9912Superior Court

1,680

6
06California
08ColoradoCourt of Appeals228District Court

177 (b)

6
08ColoradoDenver Juvenile Court

3

6
08ColoradoDenver Probate Court

1

6
09ConnecticutAppellate Court98Superior Court

163

8
10DelawareSuperior Court

21

12
10DelawareCourt of Chancery

5

12
12FloridaDistrict Courts of Appeals646Circuit Court

599

6
13GeorgiaCourt of Appeals156Superior Court

213

4
15HawaiiIntermediate Court of Appeals610Circuit Court

30

10
16IdahoCourt of Appeals46District Court

45

4
17IllinoisAppellate Court5410Circuit Court

934 (c)

6
18IndianaCourt of Appeals1510Superior Court, Probate Court and Circuit Court

317

6
18IndianaTax Court110
19IowaCourt of Appeals96District Court

337 (d)

6
20KansasCourt of Appeals144District Court

245 (e)

4
21KentuckyCourt of Appeals148Circuit Court

95

8
21KentuckyFamily Court

52

8
22LouisianaCourts of Appeal5310District Court

218

6
22LouisianaJuvenile & Family Court

18

6
23MaineSuperior Court

17

7
23MaineDistrict Court

36

7
24MarylandCourt of Special Appeals1510Circuit Court

162

15
25MassachusettsAppeals Court25To age 70Superior Court

77

To age 70
26MichiganCourt of Appeals276Circuit Court

214

6
26MichiganCourt of Claims

4

6
27MinnesotaCourt of Appeals196District Court

290

6
28MississippiCourt of Appeals108Circuit Court

57

4
29MissouriCourt of Appeals3212Circuit Court

346 (f)

6 (g)
30MontanaDistrict Court

46 (h)

6
30MontanaWater Court

5

4
30MontanaWorkers' Compensation Court

1

6
31NebraskaCourt of Appeals66District Court

55

6
32NevadaCourt of Appeals36District Court

82

6
33New HampshireSuperior Court

22

To age 70
34New JerseyAppellate Division of Superior Court337/To age 70 (i)Superior Court

386

7/To age 70 (i)
35New MexicoCourt of Appeals108District Court

94

6
36New YorkAppellate Division of Supreme Court535 (j)Supreme Court

269

14
36New YorkAppellate Terms of Supreme Court11Duration of termCounty Court

122

10
37North CarolinaCourt of Appeals158Superior Court

104 (k)

8 (l)
38North DakotaTemporary Court of Appeals31 (m)District Court

51

6
39OhioCourts of Appeals696Court of Common Pleas

449

6
40OklahomaCourt of Civil Appeals126District Court

241 (n)

4 (o)
41OregonCourt of Appeals136Circuit Court

172

6
41OregonTax Court

1

6
42PennsylvaniaSuperior Court2310Court of Common Pleas

449 (p)

10
42PennsylvaniaCommonwealth Court910
44Rhode IslandSuperior Court

25 (q)

Life
45South CarolinaCourt of Appeals96Circuit Court

58

6
46South DakotaCircuit Court

43

8
47TennesseeCourt of Appeals128Chancery Court

83

8
47TennesseeCourt of Criminal Appeals128Circuit Court

35

8
47TennesseeCriminal Court

33

8
47TennesseeProbate Court

2

8
48TexasCourts of Appeals806District Court

465

4
49UtahCourt of Appeals76District Court

72

6
50VermontSuperior Court

34

6
51VirginiaCourt of Appeals118Circuit Court

157

8
53WashingtonCourts of Appeal226Superior Court

192

4
54West VirginiaCircuit Court

70

8
55WisconsinCourt of Appeals166Circuit Court

249

6
56WyomingDistrict Court

23

6
11Dist. of ColumbiaSuperior Court

62

15
72Puerto RicoCourt of Appeals3916Court of First Instance

338 (r)

12 (s)

Source:

Source: National Center for State Courts, July 2021.

Key:

✕ — Court does not exist in jurisdiction or not applicable.

Footnotes:

(a)

Unless rotated to a different court by the presiding judge.

(b)

Judges also serve Water Court.

(c)

514 Circuit Court Judges and 378 Associate Judges.

(d)

146 of these are part-time judicial magistrates.

(e)

Includes both district judges and district magistrate judges.

(f)

The number of Circuit Court judges includes associate judges.

(g)

Associate Circuit judges serve a term of four years.

(h)

Three of those judges serve the Water Court.

(i)

Followed by tenure. All judges are subject to gubernatorial reappointment and consent by the Senate after an initial seven-year term; thereafter, they may serve until mandatory retirement at age 70.

(j)

Or duration.

(k)

The number of Superior Court judges includes special judges.

(l)

Special judges serve a term of four years.

(m)

Assignments are for a specified time, not to exceed one year or the completion of one or more cases on the docket of the supreme court.

(n)

The number of District Court judges includes associate judges and special judges.

(o)

District and associate judges serve four year terms; special judges serve at pleasure.

(p)

Includes both active and senior judges.

(q)

The number of judges includes magistrates.

(r)

The number of Court of First Instance judges includes Municipal Division judges.

(s)

Municipal judges serve a term of eight years.