Table 4.6

State Cabinet Systems


  Authorization for cabinet system Criteria for membership  
FIPS State or other
jurisdiction
State
statute
State
constitution
Governor
created
Tradition
in state
Appointed to
specific office (a)
Elected to
specific office (a)
Gubernatorial appointment
regardless of office
Number of
members in
cabinet
(including
governor)
Frequency of cabinet meetings Open cabinet
meetings
01Alabama

25Quarterly (p)
02Alaska

17Gov.'s discretion
04Arizona

37Quarterly
05Arkansas

17Quarterly
06California

11Every two weeks
08Colorado

23Weekly
09Connecticut*✓(k)

29Gov.’s discretion
10Delaware*

17Gov.’s discretion
12Florida*

4Appox. 1-2 per month
13Georgia(d)(d)(d)(d)

(d)

(d)(d)(d)(d)(d)
15Hawaii

46Weekly during legislative session (mid-January - late April); Montly otherwise
16Idaho*

31Gov.’s discretion
17Illinois* (o)

65Gov.’s discretion(b)
18Indiana*

23Gov.’s discretion
19Iowa

30Monthly
20Kansas*

15Bi-weekly
21Kentucky

13Twice monthly
22Louisiana*

16Monthly
23Maine*

✓(q)16Monthly
24Maryland

25Every other week
25Massachusetts*

11Weekly
26Michigan*

(e)22Gov.’s discretion
27Minnesota*

25Quarterly
28Mississippi*(d)(d)(d)(d)

(d)

(d)(d)(d)(d)(d)
29Missouri

17Gov.’s discretion
30Montana✓(r)

22Monthly
31Nebraska

27Monthly
32Nevada*(d)(d)(d)(d)

(d)

(d)(d)21At call of the governor
33New Hampshire(d)(d)(d)(d)

(d)

(d)(d)(d)
34New Jersey

23Gov.’s discretion
35New Mexico

31Gov.’s discretion
36New York*

75Gov.’s discretion
37North Carolina* (f)

11Weekly(n)
38North Dakota*

17Monthly
39Ohio

27Gov.’s discretion
40Oklahoma

16 (h)Monthly
41Oregon(d)(d)(d)(d)

(d)

(d)(d)(d)(d)(d)
42Pennsylvania*

✓(i)

27Gov.’s discretion
44Rhode Island*

✓(l)22Gov.'s discretion✓(m)
45South Carolina

✓(i)

20Gov.'s discretion
46South Dakota*

22Monthly
47Tennessee*

30Monthly
48Texas*(d)(d)(d)(d)

(d)

(d)(d)(d)(d)(d)
49Utah

24Monthly, weekly during legislative session
50Vermont*

12Gov.’s discretion
51Virginia*✓(j)

16Weekly
53Washington

26 (s)Monthly
54West Virginia

14Weekly
55Wisconsin

17Monthly
56Wyoming

44Quarterly
60American Samoa*

16Gov.’s discretion
66Guam*

55Bi-monthly
69CNMI* **

17Gov.’s discretion
72Puerto Rico*

10 (c)Every 6 weeks
78U.S. Virgin Islands*

21Monthly

Source:

The Council of State Governments' survey of governors' offices, 2022.

Key:

* Information from The Council of State Governments’ survey of governors’ offices and review of state websites, 2021.
** Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands.
✓— Yes.
✕ — No.
N/A — Not available.

Footnotes:

(a)

Individual is a member by virtue of election or appointment to a cabinet-level position.

(b)

Certain cabinet meetings are open to the public and media.

(c)

The Constitutional Cabinet has 10 members including the governor. There are other members of the Cabinet provided by statute.

(d)

No formal cabinet system. In Nevada, the cabinet is comprised of directors, chairpersons and leaders of Nevada’s top agencies, departments, institutions and the National Guard, in addition to the lt. governor.

(e)

Membership determined by governor. Some officers formally designated as cabinet member by executive order.

(f)

The Governor’s cabinet consists of 10 department heads who have responsibility for the majority of the executive branch. They are appointed by the governor and report to the governor. The Council of State exists as a separate body and is composed independently elected statewide officials who oversee certain areas of the executive branch. While the Council of State is provided for in the Constitution and state statutes, the cabinet is created by the governor.

(g)

Frequency of meetings may fluctuate with Governor’s schedule.

(h)

State statute allows for 15 cabinet members. With the Governor included there are 16 members.

(i)

With the consent of the senate.

(j)

While there is no specific state statute that establishes the cabinet system, the state code makes repeated references to cabinet secretaries and sets forth the duties of each secretary and the agencies assigned to the secretary.

(k)

Governor’s cabinet is specified in statute, but no longer in use. Governor directs department heads through commissioners’ meetings and subject matter groups called clusters.

(l)

At the discretion of the governor.

(m)

Varies by meeting.

(n)

Council of State, but not cabinet meetings, are open to the public.

(o)

Agency directors are provided by statute. Governor may create and appoint other cabinet-level positions.

(p)

Quarterly with weekly optional phone calls with the cabinet and governor.

(q)

Consists of commmissioners who serve at the governor’s pleasure.

(r)

The departments are created by the constitution and statute, but the Governor creates the Cabinet and decide who serves on it.

(s)

There are an additional 32 small agency cabniets that are not included in that total.