Table 4.16

Secretaries of State: Qualifications For Office


FIPS State or other
jurisdiction
Minimum age U.S. citizen
(years) (a)
State resident
(years) (b)
Qualified voter
(years)
Method of selection to
office
01Alabama2575E
02Alaska (c)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
04Arizona25105E
05Arkansas*18E
06California18E
08Colorado252E
09Connecticut18E
10DelawareA
12Florida (d)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
13Georgia*25104E
15Hawaii (c)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
16Idaho252E
17Illinois*253E
18IndianaE
19Iowa18E
20KansasE
21Kentucky302E
22Louisiana2555E
23Maine(e)
24Maryland*A
25Massachusetts185E
26Michigan18E
27Minnesota*2130 daysE
28Mississippi255E
29Missouri1E
30Montana252E
31Nebraska*E
32Nevada2522E
33New Hampshire*18(e)
34New Jersey*18A
35New Mexico305E
36New York*18A
37North Carolina21E
38North Dakota2555E
39Ohio18E
40Oklahoma3110A
41Oregon18E
42PennsylvaniaA
44Rhode Island1830 daysE
45South Carolina*E
46South DakotaE
47Tennessee*(e)
48Texas*18A
49Utah (c)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
50Vermont18E
51Virginia*A
53Washington*18E
54West Virginia*5E
55Wisconsin*18E
56Wyoming251E
60American Samoa (c)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
66Guam (c)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
69CNMI* ** (c)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
72Puerto Rico*55A
78U.S. Virgin Islands (c)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A

Source:

The Council of State Governments' survey of secretaries of state offices, 2022.

Key:

* Information from The Council of State Governments’ survey of secretaries of state offices and review of state websites, 2021.
** Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands.
N/A — Not available.
✓ — Formal provision; number of years not specified.
✕ — No formal provision.
A — Appointed by governor.
E — Elected by voters.

Footnotes:

(a) In some states you must be a U.S. citizen to be an elector and must be an elector to run.
(b) In some states you must be a state resident to be an elector and must be an elector to run.
(c) No secretary of state.
(d) As of January 1, 2003, the office of Secretary of State shall be an appointed position (appointed by the governor). It will no longer be a cabinet position, but an agency head and the Department of State shall be an agency under the governor's office.
(e) Chosen by joint ballot of state senators and representatives. In Maine and New Hampshire, every two years. In Tennessee, every four years.